Tiji is derived from “Ten Che”, which means “the hope of Buddha Dharma prevailing in all worlds”. It is a spring renewal festival, remembered for the historical myth of a victory of good against evil. The Tiji festival is a famous festival in Nepal, celebrated for three days. It is popular as the demon chasing celebration in Upper Mustang. The myth behind celebrating this festival is interesting. To save the Upper Mustang Kingdom from destruction, Dorje Jono should fight and get the victory against his own demon father. The demon brought a shortage of water in Upper Mustang, which became the greatest problem in this land. It brought various disasters and famine. Finally, Dorje Jono fought against his father and got the victory and exiled him from the Upper Mustang kingdom. Tiji festival is celebrated to pay respect to this historical myth through the performances during the dry season.
The Tiji Festival is continually celebrated for three days and each day is significant. The first day, Lama announces the starting of this festival by blowing the dunce, along with the drum and cymbals, and then an ancient and enormous Thanka three stories high is unrolled down the entire south wall of the square. The eleven Lamas come around the evening, who wears high red hats. The people with a masked face and special costumes perform the Tiji myth and Dorje Jono repels the demon and kills it as the dance finishes. It is believed that it helps for the rainfall and life will be saved.
The Loba people arrive in the village with children in traditional costumes. The king comes with a distinct dress and observes the rituals. Different varieties of foods and other items are prepared. On the last day of the Tiji festival, there is another ceremony of destroying the evil and feeling that they have chased the demon from the kingdom. This is how the Tiji festival is celebrated in the hidden kingdom of Upper Mustang.
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu, transfer to the hotel.
Day 02: Sightseeing and trek preparation.
Day 03: Drive to Pokhara by tourist bus (6 hours).
Day 04: Fly to Jomsom and trek to Kagbeni (2780m)
Day 05: Trek to Chele (3050m). The restricted area starts from here.
Day 06: Trek to Syanboche (3475m).
Day 07: Trek to Ghaymi (3520m).
Day 08: Trek to Tcharang (3490m).
Day 09: Trek to Lo Manthang (3730m).
Day 10: Explore in Lo Manthang (3700m).
Day 11: Explore the Festival at Lomangthang
Day 12: Explore at the Lo-Mangthang
Day 13: Drive to Chhuksang by jeep (2920m).
Day 14: Trek to Jomsom (2710m). The restricted area ends up on these days.
Day 15: Flight to Pokhara. Explore at Pokhara and overnight.
Day 16: Drive back to Kathmandu.
Day 17: Final Departure.
Contact us for more information about the Upper Mustang Tiji festival
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